[Codeforces495B] Modular Equations

描述 Description

Last week, Hamed learned about a new type of equations in his math class called Modular Equations. Lets define i modulo j as the remainder of division of i by j and denote it by \[i \ mod \ j\]. A Modular Equation, as Hamed’s teacher described, is an equation of the form \[a \ mod \ x =b\] in which a and b are two non-negative integers and x is a variable. We call a positive integer x for which \[a \ mod \ x=b\] a solution of our equation.

Hamed didn’t pay much attention to the class since he was watching a movie. He only managed to understand the definitions of these equations.

Now he wants to write his math exercises but since he has no idea how to do that, he asked you for help. He has told you all he knows about Modular Equations and asked you to write a program which given two numbers a and b determines how many answers the Modular Equation \[a \ mod \ x=b\] has.

输入格式 InputFormat

In the only line of the input two space-separated integers \[a\] and \[b\] (0 ≤ \[a\], \[b\] ≤ 109) are given.

输出格式 OutputFormat

If there is an infinite number of answers to our equation, print “infinity” (without the quotes). Otherwise print the number of solutions of the Modular Equation \[ a \ mod \ x =b \].

样例输入 SampleInput

9435152 272

样例输出 SampleOutput


Codeforces 495B

代码 Code

无解和无限解情况判断掉,然后找 \[a-b\] 的约数判断统计。

#include <stdio.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <cstring>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cmath>
using namespace std;
int i,j,t,n,m,l,r,k,z,y,x;
int ans,a,b;
int main()
    if (a==b)
        return 0;
    if (a<b)
        return 0;
    for (i=1;i<=sqrt(n);i++) if (n%i==0)
        if (i>b) ans++;
        if (n/i>b && i*i!=n) ans++;
    return 0;